How Is New Zealand Divided

How is New Zealand Divided?

New Zealand is a country located in the South Pacific Ocean made up of two major land masses – the North Island and the South Island. The islands are located about 2000 kilometers southeast of Australia and is spread over 270,000 square kilometers. This small region is home to over 4.6 million inhabitants, making it the 53rd most populous country in the world.
New Zealand is divided into sixteen regions or provinces. These regions are responsible for providing important services to the local population, such as education, healthcare, and infrastructure. Each region is further divided into smaller cities and towns, rural areas, and local government districts.
The Maori people are the indigenous people of New Zealand, with their own culture and language. The Maori language is the official language of New Zealand and is spoken by 3.7% of the population. The monarchy of New Zealand is also based on the Maori culture, and the current Queen is said to descend from a Maori ancestor.
The political system of New Zealand is based on the Westminster System, or parliamentary democracy. This means that the public elected Members of Parliament to form a governing party, which is responsible for making the laws that govern the country. The Prime Minister, who is chosen from within the party, is the chief executive of the nation.
The economy of New Zealand is largely based on agriculture, tourism, and exports. Agriculture remains the primary economic activity for the majority of the country, with the farming of livestock and the harvesting of timber products accounting for a large portion of the economy. Tourism is also a major contributor to the economy with both domestic and international tourists visiting New Zealand every year. A wide variety of exports are sent to international markets from New Zealand, including dairy and fruit products, timber products, and wool.

Local Government

Local government in New Zealand is overseen by the sixteen Regions and Territory Councils, which are responsible for providing services to the local population. These include services related to local infrastructure like roads and public transportation, housing, environmental protection, recreation, and waste management. The Councils are funded by a combination of central and local government grants, and tax levies for local services.
Each region is further divided into cities and towns, each of which has its own local government body. These local governments are responsible for providing services to the local population, such as public transportation, education, sports and cultural activities, and healthcare.
The Maori people, who make up 15% of the nation’s population, also have their own local government organizations throughout New Zealand. Called ‘Maori Statutory Boards’, these organizations are responsible for the representation of the Maori population in local and regional government.

Culture & Language

New Zealanders are generally known as being friendly and laidback, with a strong sense of national identity. English is the primary language of New Zealand, but the Maori language is also spoken by a large portion of the population.
New Zealand has a rich and diverse culture, with music, art, literature, and sports being some of the most popular activities. New Zealanders enjoy a wide variety of New Zealand-oriented television and film, as well as a number of international entertainers. Rugby is the national sport of New Zealand, and is followed passionately by many New Zealanders.

Trading Partners

New Zealand is part of international trade organizations such as the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum (APEC). Additionally, the government of New Zealand is a member of various Free Trade Agreements, including those with Australia, China, Japan, South Korea, and North America.
The main trading partners of New Zealand are China, the United States, and Australia, with exports of primary products such as dairy products, meat, timber products, and machinery being the main exports. Additionally, the service industry has been growing in importance, with tourism, international education, and financial services being some of the main sectors.

Provincial Foundations

The sixteen regions of New Zealand each have their own unique culture and history. Each of these regions has its own Provincial Foundation, which is responsible for preserving and developing the culture of the region. The Provincial Foundations receive funding from the government of New Zealand, which allows them to provide funds to local cultural and heritage organizations, as well as support local artists and arts development initiatives.
The Provincial Foundations also provide financial assistance to local students who are studying abroad, as well as support for local businesses in their region. Many of the Regional Foundations also hold regular arts and culture festivals, attracting people from around the world to their region.

Geography & Natural Environment

New Zealand is made up of two large islands, the North Island and the South Island, and several smaller islands. The landscape is dominated by mountain ranges, forests, and beaches, and there are numerous national parks throughout the country.
The natural environment is one of the main attractions of New Zealand, and the government has various protections and regulations in place to ensure its preservation. New Zealand also has many unique animal species that are not found anywhere else in the world, such as the Royal Albatross, the Kakapo, and the Kea.


The population of New Zealand is estimated to be 4.6 million, with the majority of the population being of European descent. Other major ethnic groups include Asian, Maori, and Pacific Islander. The median age of New Zealanders is 38, with 20% of the population aged under 15 and 12% aged over 65. The majority of New Zealanders are Christian, and English is spoken by 93% of the population.

Education System

The education system of New Zealand is highly regarded internationally, providing a world-class education to the students in the country. Education in New Zealand is compulsory for children aged between 6 and 16 years old, and free up to the age of 18. The education system is split into primary, secondary, and higher education.
Primary and secondary education is provided by state-funded schools, while tertiary education is provided by state-run universities and other tertiary institutions. The government of New Zealand is strongly committed to providing quality, free education to its citizens, and allows international students to study in the country as well.

Health Care

New Zealand operates under a health care system called the ‘New Zealand Public Health System’. This system provides citizens with free or low-cost medical care, as well as subsidised medications and inpatient and outpatient services. The government also provides free public health services, mental health services, and preventive health care.
The health care system in New Zealand is generally considered to be of high quality. In particular, the rates of infant mortality are lower than those in the United States and the United Kingdom, and life expectancy is also higher than the world average. The government has also been investing in initiatives to improve access to health care in rural areas.


New Zealand is a small country located in the South Pacific Ocean, made up of two major land masses – the North and the South Island. The country is divided into sixteen regions or provinces, with the Maori people making up a significant portion of the population. The economy is largely based on agriculture, tourism, and exports, while the population enjoys a rich and diverse culture. The education system and health care system are of high quality, and the government is making efforts to improve quality of life for the citizens of New Zealand.

Diana Booker

Diana D. Booker is a freelance writer and editor based in Auckland, New Zealand. She has over 20 years' experience writing and editing for various publications. Diana is passionate about telling stories that capture the spirit of the country she loves and enjoys exploring its unique culture and landscape.

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